Full Fill Houses: Sustainable Homes in Six Days
Aiming to provide safe and cost-efficient housing solutions for India and beyond, renowned eco-architect Anupama Kundoo has designed a prototype house made entirely of recycled materials.
The 'Full Fill' home, unveiled at this year's Venice Biennale, was made of 'ferrocement' recycled from the German Pavilion used for last year's event. The low-tech material, constructed of metal wire mesh, rod enforcements and plaster, is simple to craft and strong enough to withstand harsh winds and mild earthquakes.
The finished blocks can be stacked and slotted together in many shapes and sizes, whilst components and frames for windows, doors and roof elements are similarly produced from simple materials. Customised storage shelves and areas to sit can be integrated into the structure itself, owing to its modular construction. To create the brightly coloured surfaces, primary colour oxides are hand-mixed with white marble and cement powders, which can be mixed and matched to create unique looks.
Originally designed with India's chaotic weather-system in mind, wherein local communities are often left rebuilding homes after natural disasters, Kundoo now believes that the prototype could be part of a wider solution for sustainable housing materials. "We're not just talking about affordability in terms of money here," said the architect in an interview with Dezeen. "We're also talking about impact on the environment. We can't afford to keep building the way we do."
Affordable and easy to construct, the plaster boxes can be stacked to build a house in just six days, providing a wealth of possibilities for social, economic, and environmental housing issues.